Social Studies Study Guide For Chapter 9
1. In 1800, most farm work was done by hand using simple iron tools.
2. A machine that cuts and threshes wheat at the same time is called a combine.
3. McCormick’s reaper helped farmers by cutting the time to harvest grain.
4. Fertilizers and pesticides help farmers grow more food on less land.
5. The most important tool on most farms today is the tractor.
6. What is true of farmers today as it was in the 1800 is that they must work hard at their jobs.
7. Between 1800 and today, the number of acres of the average farm increased to about 450 acres a farm.
8. The most common reason why many farm families give up farming is they cannot earn enough to pay their bank loans.
9. More than half of the corn grown in the United States is used for animal feed.
10. The reason ethanol is called a renewable resource is people can make more of it by growing more corn.
The following answers will be used with an illustration.
11. The illustration shows a Midwest farm in about 1800.
12. The reaper would not be found in this farmer’s barn.
13. Dairy farms depend mostly on cows.